The Internet started off as ARPANET, the internal network of the Advanced Research Projects Agency. ARPA was established in the U.S. in response to launch of Sputnik 1 by the Soviet Union.
Ed Krol's book, "The Whole Internet User's Guide & Catalog", was probably the first popular book about the new medium. It was published in 1992 and selected by the New York Public Library as one of the most significant books of the 20th century. [more...]