A web site is a collection of documents and files that can be viewed in a web browser program. A typical web site consists of pages, called web pages. These pages can contain text and multimedia elements such as images, video, audio or animation embedded.
The collection of web pages along with the multimedia files makes a web site. Web pages are developed using HTML (HyperText Markup Language) which is fairly simple to learn because, contrary to what it’s called, it’s not a language per se. HTML consists of tags that provide structure to a web page, that is, mark out headings, paragraphs, lists etc.
Nowadays, you don’t need to know HTML to create a web site because there are programs available that will “write” the HTML code for you. These WYSIYWG HTML editors let you design the web page by placing text, images and other elements as you want – you visually design a web page. Once satisfied, you can save (publish) the page as a HTML document. By the way, WYSIYWG was not a spelling mistake – it stands for What You See Is What You Get.
Different web pages on the site are linked to each other (again using HTML code). Pages from one web site can also be linked to pages on other web sites. Probably, the most important page on any web site is the home page which is what one gets to see when one loads the web site address (URL) in a web browser. The home page is like an entry point – a starting page – of the web site and, typically, links to all other important sections and pages of the web site.
The internet is a network of computers scattered around the world. These machines are connected to each other forming a sort of “digital web”. In fact, when you connect your computer to this network, it becomes a part of the internet! Most Web sites are located on web servers – computers that are connected to the Internet 24/7.
Web servers are not the same as your conventional desktop or laptop because they generally have different hardware and software. Web servers store all the contents of the web site including web pages, images, audio and video files etc. on their hard-disk and have the endless (and, probably, very boring) job of “serving” the web pages and associated files.
FYI, you can also host a web site from your home or office computer but I won’t advise that as taking a little hard disk space from a reliable web hosting company much easier, convenient and a hassle-free option.
The internet contains millions and millions of web sites. They can be small (like a one or a 10 page web site) or large consisting of thousands and thousands of pages. Though it is difficult to classify web sites into distinct categories because of the sheer diversity, here is a little attempt from my side:
Please read types of web sites for more information.
I’m going to make this really brief because you can find more information in separate articles on this web site or on the internet (use www.google.com to search for required information). Follow the steps below to create your web site and also refer the page on how do I create a web site for details.
One of the first computer worms to infect the Internet was Morris worm on November 2, 1988. It was written by Robert Morris, a graduate at Cornell University. [more...]