French inventor credited to have invented the field of photography and to have taken the oldest surviving photograph in the world, View from the Window at Le Gras. Niépce also co-created the world’s first internal combustion engine, the Pyréolophore, with his brother.
View from the Window at Le Gras taken by Nicéphore Niépce is regarded as the oldest surviving photograph in the world. The heliographic photo was taken from a high window and shows parts of the building and the countryside surrounding Le Gras, Niépce’s estate.
The first use of an "emoticon" is credited to an article in Reader's Digest May 1967 issue. However, the "smiley emoticon" was first used on the Carnegie Mellon message board by Scott Fahlman on September 19, 1982. [more...]