On 7th August 1944, the first program-controlled calculator was dedicated by IBM. The Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC) was a general purpose computer used in the war effort during the last part of World War II. The ASCC is also known as Mark I by Harvard University staff.
The first animals sent into space were fruit flies aboard the US V-2 rocket on 20 February 1947. The flies returned alive. [more...]